WBCS Exam Main Optional Question Paper on History [Paper I] - 2019

Time Allowed - 3 Hours

Full Marks : 200

   If the questions attempted are in excess of the prescribed number, only the questions attempted first up to the prescribed number shall be valued and the remaining ones ignored. Answers may be given either in  English 

or in Bengali but all answer must be in one and the same language .

GROUP-A 

1. Answer any three questions : 10x3=30

(a)   Examine the importance of archaeology for the re-construction of ancient Indian history.

(b)   How would you explain the urban characteristics of the Harappan civilization ?

(c)   Bring out the elements of continuity and change between the early Vedic and the later Vedic cultures.

(d)   Explain the growth of Indo-Roman trade in ancient India.

2. Answer any two questions : 20x2=40

(a)  Analyse the transition from the formation of territorial states (Sixteen Mahajanapadas) to the rise of Magadhan Imperialism.

(b)  How did Asoka's policies and reforms contribute to the fall of the Mauryan empire ?

(c)  Discuss the growth of temple architecture in South India.

(d)  Write an essay on the caste system in ancient India.

3. Answer any one of the following question : 30

(a)  Discuss the growth of science and technology in ancient India.

(b)  Explain the causes of the downfall of the Gupta empire.

(c)  Write an essay on the trade guilds in ancient India.

GROUP-B

4. Answer any three questions : 10x3=30

(a)   Assess the cultural significance of the Bhakti movement.

(b)  Account for the introduction of the market control regulation by Alauddin Khilji.

(c)   Give an account of the Mughal-Afghan contest for supremacy in medieval India.

(d)  How far was Akbar's Rajput policy politically expedient ?

5. Answer any two questions : 20x2=40

(a)   Why did Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq occupy a special place in the history of medieval India ?

(b)   How did Bengal flourish under the rulers of the IIlyas Shahi dynasty ?

(c)   Assess critically the land revenue administration under the Mughals.

6. Write an Essay on any one of the following : 30

(a)  The progress of Mughal architecture

(b)  Debate on the theocratic nature of Delhi Sultanate

(c)  The 18th Century Debate

WBCS Exam Main Optional Question Paper on History [Paper II] - 2019

Time Allowed - 3 Hours

Full Marks : 200

   If the questions attempted are in excess of the prescribed number, only the questions attempted first up to the prescribed number shall be valued and the remaining ones ignored. Answers may be given either in English

or in Bengali or in Nepali but all answer must be in one and the same language

GROUP-A 

   Answer Question No. 1 and any two from the rest.

1. Answer any one question :

(a)   Which factors would you attribute to the Anglo-French conflict in India ? Why the French were defeated ?  10+10=20

(b)  Why was Western education introduced in India by the East India Company ? What role did Bentinck and Macaulay play in it ? 10+10=20

(c) Do you agree that the partition of India in 1947 could be avoided ? 20

2.   Critically discuss how the railways brought certain changes in the economy of British India. Did it lead to any structural change in the economy ?  25+15=40

3.   How would you explain the peasant and working class movements in India in the period between the two world wars ? 40

4. What were the basic parameters of India's foreign policy under Jawaharlal Nehru ? What role did India play in the Korean war and the Congo crisis ? 20+10+10=40

GROUP-B

     Answer Question No.5 and any two from the rest.

5.  Answer any one question :

(a)   Do you subscribe to the view that the French revolution of 1789 was bourgeois revolution ? 20

(b)   How would you explain the unification of Germany under Bismark ? 20

(c)   What was new in New Imperialism ? Discuss its impact on Africa and Asia. 10+10=20

6.   Why and where was the League of Nations formed ? Explain its success and failure.  20+10+10=40

7.    Analyse the causes of the rise of Nationalist movements in Southeast Asia with special reference to Malay and Indonesia. 20+20=40

8. What do you understand by Cold War ? Illustrate with examples the salient features of the Cold War till 1960.  10+30=40

WBCS Exam Main Optional Question Paper on History [Paper I] - 2018

Time Allowed - 3 Hours

Full Marks : 200

   If the questions attempted are in excess of the prescribed number, only the questions attempted first up to the prescribed number shall be valued and the remaining ones ignored. Answers may be given either in English

or in Bengali or in Nepali but all answer must be in one and the same language

GROUP-A 

1.  Answer any three Questions :  10x3

a)  How valuable are literary sources for reconstruction of ancient Indian history ?

b)  Discuss the various theories regarding the decline of Harappan civilization

c)  To what extent was later Vedic society different from the early vedic one ?

d)  Would you consider the Gupta period a 'Golden Age' ?

2.  Answer any two Questions :  20x2

a)   Discuss the administrative system of the Mauryan empire.

b)   Discuss the position of women in the Gupta empire.

c)    Discuss the system of local self-government under the Cholas.

d)   Discuss the significance of Arab conquest of Sind. 

3. Write an essay on any one of the following : 30

a)  The debate on Indian Feudalism.

b)  The development of art and literature under the Palas and Senas.

c)  Discuss the accounts of India presented in the writings of foreign travellers such as Huen Tsang, Fa Hien, Alberuni etc.

GROUP-B

 4.  Answer any three questions : 10x3=30

a)   Discuss Balban's theory of kingship.

b)   Discuss the impact of the Sufi Movement on Indian society and culture.

c)   Examine the salient features of Akbar's religious policy.

d)   Write a notes on Mughal paintings.

5.  Answer any two Questions : 20x2

a)   Discuss the reforms of Firuz Tughlaq. How far was he responsible for the decline of the Delhi Sultanate ?

b)   How would you explain the origin of the Bhakti Movement in medieval India ?

c)   Discuss the major features of the Mansabdari system of Akbar. What changes were introduced in the system under Akbar's successors  ?

6.  Write an essay on any one of the following : 30

a)  The debate on the decline and disintegration of the Mughal empire.

b)  Economy and society in the Vijaynagar empire with reference to the accounts of foreign travellers.

WBCS Exam Main Optional Question Paper on History [Paper II] - 2018

Time Allowed - 3 Hours

Full Marks : 200

    If the questions attempted are in excess of the prescribed number, only the questions attempted first up to the prescribed number shall be valued and the remaining ones ignored. Answers may be given either in English

or in Bengali or in Nepali but all answer must be in one and the same language

GROUP-A 

Answer Question No. 1 and any two from the rest.

1. Answer any one Question  :- 

a)   Write a note on Dual System of Administration of Bengal. How did it affect the political economy of early colonial Bengal ? 20

b)   Define economic nationalism in colonial India with reference to a few concrete issues in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. 20

c)   Write a note on Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj and Ramakrishna Mission. 20

2.   To what extent India's first war of independence in 1857 was result of popular discontent against the British rule ? How would you explain the features of the movement ? 40

3.   Identify the factors responsible for growth of Indian National Congress in 1885. Discuss M.K. Gandhi's Nationalist movement within Congress.  40

4.   Write a note on framing of Indian constitution after 1947 with special reference to the issue of integration of princely states.

GROUP-B

Answer Question No.5 and any two from the rest.

5. Answer any one Question :-

a)    Identify the causes behind French Revolution of 1789. 20

b)    Discuss nature and impact of Industrial revolution in England.  20

c)    Discuss the rise of fascism in inter war Italy. 20

6.    Write a note on the making of Russian revolution leading to foundation of a socialist state. 40

7.    Identify the causes and consequences of second world war. 40

8.   What were the causes behind disintegration of Soviet Union  ? How collapse of Soviet Union brought political changes in Eastern Europe. 40

WBCS Exam Main Optional Question Paper on History [Paper I] - 2017

Time Allowed : 3 Hours

Full Marks : 200

GROUP - A

1. Answer any three question

(a)  Evaluate the importance of Archaeology and Numismatics for the reconstruction of Early Indian History.

(b)  Write a short note on Vedic economy.

(c)  Discuss the nature of Asoka's Dharma.

(d) Write a short note on Gupta art and architecture.  10 x 3

2. Answer any two question

(a)   How were the Harappan cities planned ? Describe the salient features of these cities.

(b)   Discuss the socio-economic background of the rise of protestan religions movements in ancient India in the sixth century B. C.

(c)   Give an overview of India's trade with the Roman Empira during the first three centuries of the Christian era.

(d)   Village administration acquired uniqueness under the Cholas - Discuss.  20x2

3. Answer any one of the following

(a) The reasons behind the decline of the Mauryan Empire with special reference to the role of Askoka, if any, in the process.

(b) The position of women in Ancient India. 30

GROUP-B

4. Answer any three question

(a)  Evaluate Ziauddin Barani as a historian.

(b)  Write a short note on the Iqta system of land grant in Mediavel India.

(c)  Answers the economic reforms of Alauddin Khilji.

(d)  Discuss the impact of Aurangzeb's Decan policy on the Mughal empire.

5.  Answer any two question

(a)  Vijayanagar empire had a well organised administrative system - elucidate.

(b)  Analyse the religious policy of Akbar.

(c)   Give a critical account of the Maratha administration under Shivaji. 20 x 2

6.  Answer any one of the following question

(a)  The evolution of the administrative system under the Delhi Sultanate from llltutmish to Firoz Shah Tughlaq.

(b)  Economy of the Mughal Empire.

WBCS Exam Main Optional Question Paper on History [Paper II] - 2017

Time Allowed : 3 Hours

Full Marks : 200

Answer Question No. 1 and Any two from the rest.

1.  Answer any one question

(a)   Analyse the circumstances leading to the grant of 'Diwani' to the East India Company in 1765. What was the significance of the evant ? 20

(b)   How for it would be correct to state that Rammohan Roy was the 'Father of Modern India'. 20

(c)   Briefly discuss the history of Western Education.  20

2.   Briefly dicuss the issue of Indian Entrepreneurship (1905-47). 40

3.   Write an account of the character of the Revolt of 1857 with special Emphasis on recent.  40

4. Analyse the activties of Moderate Congress. Would it be correct to call it a 'middle class club' ? 40

GROUP-B

Answer Question No. 5 and Any two from the rest.

5.   Answer any one question

(a)   How did the philosphers contribute to the cut break of the French Revolution in 1789 ?20

(b)   Would you argue that Germany was solely responsible for the out break of the first World War ? 20

(c)   Discuss various interpretations relating to the origin of the Second World War. 20

6.    How would you explain the origin of the Nezi-Soviet Non-agression pact of 1939. What was its impact on international relations ?  40

7.    How would you explain the emergence of the 'Third World'. What was its impact on international relation ? 40

8.   What were the factors leading to the end of Cold War ?  Did the end of Cold War usher in an era of absolute peace in international relations ?  40

WBCS Exam Main Optional Question Paper on History [Paper I] - 2016

Time Allowed: 3 Hours

Full Marks : 200

GROUP- A

1. Answer any three questions :  10 X 3

(a)   "Inscriptions have been given the first place in the list of sources of ancient Indian History, because they are on the whole, most important and trustworthy source of knowledge"- (V. A. Smith). Evaluate the importance of inscriptions as the most trustworthy source of ancient Indian History in the light of this statement.

(b)   Discusss briefly the various theories regarding the original homeland of the Vedic Aryans.

(c)   Write a short note on the administrative innovations of Asoka.

(d)   What is the "classical age" of ancient India ? Write a short note on the "cultural Renaissance" of the classical age.

2.    Answer any two questions : 20 X 2

(a)   Write an essay on the historiographical debate on Indian Feudalism of ancient and earlier medieval India.

(b)   What were the different policies adopted by Samudragupta to establish supremacy over his contemporaries and how far was he sucessful ?

(c)   Attempt an impartial judgement on the achievements of Maharaj Sasanka of Gauda in Bengal. 

3.   Answer any one of the following : 30

(a)   Religious proliferation in major sects of Buddhism, Vaisnavism and Saivism in India : Their transformation from Protestantism to the synthetic Bhakti Cult.

(b)   The growth and development of art and architecture in south India under the Pallavas, Chalukyas and Cholas.

Group - B

4. Answer any three questions : 10 X 3

(a)   Explain the causes of failure of the Hindus against the early Turkish attacks in India.

(b)  Alauddin Khalji deserved to be considered - one of the best sultans of Delhi" - Ibn Batutah. Do you agree ?

(c)   "The divine Faith (Din-i-llahi) was a monument of Akbar's folly, not of of his wisdom. The whole scheme was the outcome of ridiculous vanity, a monstrous growth of unrestrained autocracy" - V. A. Smith. Is this statment true or a false malign and allegation of contempt ?  Is it born out of his political compulsion ?

(d)   Assess briefly, the historical significance of the Bhakti cult movement of India from 14th to 16th Century.

5. Answer any two questions :-

(a)   Explain briefly the main trends in the Mughal-Afghan contest for supremacy in northern India from 1526 - 1556. 15

(b)  How would you characterize Sher Shah - as an innovator or a reformer ?  15

(c)  Analyse the Rajput policy of Akbar, the great Mughal. What were its results ?  15

6.   Write an easay on any one of the following :-

(a)  The impact of Islam on Indian Society and religion and vice-versa from the 13th to 16th centuries.  40

(b)   Art, architecture and culture under the Mughals.  40

WBCS Exam Main Optional Question Paper on History [Paper II] - 2016

Time Allowed: 3 Hours

Full Marks : 200

GROUP- A

      Answer Question No. 1 and Any two from the rest.

1.   Answer any one question

(a)    Analyse the impact of colonial rule on Indian agrarian economy with special reference to the Permanent Settlement in Bengal and Ryotwari Settlement in Madras. 20

(b)    What were the main issues of social reform movements in India in the nineteenth century ? 20

(c)    Define and explain economic nationalism in India with reference to a few concrete issues in the late nineteenth and early twentieth-centuries.  20

2.    Write a critical note on the De-industrialization in India with special reference to its causation, course and over all impact on the economy.  40

3.    How would you explain Gandhi's rise to power ?  What major changes do you notice in India nationalism after the coming of Gandhi ?  40

4.    Write an essay on the depressed caste movements in India in the twentieth century with special reference to Ambedkar's role in it. 40

Group - B

Answer Question No. 5 and any two from the rest.

5.   Answer any one questions :-

(a)  Identify the salient features of European Enlightenment in the eighteenth century and their historical impact,  20

(b)  "No war is inevitable until it breaks out" Do you agree with this view of the original of the First World War ? 20

(c)   How would you explain the Chinese Revolution of 1949 ?  What were its long-term effects ? 20

6.  In what respect of causation, course and effects the Industrial Revolution in Europe and Japan In the nineteenth century did differ from those in England in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries ? 40

7.  Write a critical note on the phenomenal changes in African history in the twentieth century with special reference to the origin, development and end of Apartheid. 40

8.  How would you explain the origin and development of Cold War ?  How would you explain detente and the final end of the Cold War ?  40

WBCS Exam Main Optional Question Paper on History [Paper I] - 2015

Time Allowed - 3 hours

Full Marks - 200

GROUP -A

1. Answer any three questions ( word limit 200-250 words ) :10 x 3

a)   Determine the importance of epigraphy for writing ancient Indian history .

b)   Write a brief note on the decline of the Harappan civilization .

c)    write short note on the Early Vedic Society .

d)   Write a short note on the extent of the empire of Chandragupta Maurya..

e)   Write a short note on the Sunga Art.

2.  Answer any two questions ( word limit 700-800 words ) :20 x 2

a)   Write an essay on the states of the Sangama Age.

b)   Write an essay on the evolution or in India from the Mahajanapadas to 12th Century .

c)   Identify the main features of urbanisation in India from 500 B.C to 1000 AD .

3.    Write any essay on any one of the following ( word limit: 1500 words ): 40

a)   Evolution of caste system in ancient India.

b)   Growth of regional language and text in India from the 8th Century to 12th Century AD

GROUP -B

4.   Answer any three questions ( word limit 200-250 words ) 10 x 3

a)   Access the contribution of Amir Khusru as a historian and political thinker.

b)   Write a short note on the public works of Firuz Tuglaq .

c)   Write a short note on Vijayanagara-Bahmani contest.

d)   How would you analyse the contribution of the lliyas Shahi Dynasty in the history of Bengal.

e)    Write a short note on the peasant revolts during the Mughal rule in India.

5.   Answer any one questions ( word limit : 700-800 words): 20 x 1

a)   Analyse the Religious Policy of Auranzeb.

b)   Write any essay on economy of the Vijayanagara empire.

c)  How did the Mughal Maratha conflict during the 17th and early 18th centuries affect theMughal Imperial fortune ?

6.   Write an essay on any one of the following ( word limit 1500 words ) 40 x 1

a)   Nature of the Delhi Sultanate as “State“.

b)   18th Century debate.

WBCS Exam Main Optional Question Paper on History [Paper II] - 2015

Time Allowed - 3 hours

Full Marks - 200

GROUP -A

      Answer Question No : 1 and any two from the rest

1.  Answer any one questions:    20

a) Write a short note on the Charter Act of 1833.

b) Write a note on the New Awakening in India in the 19th Century.

c) Briefly discuss the history of Western Education.

2 .What was the nature of the Congress politics in the 20th Century India ? 40

3. Briefly discuss the issue of Indian Enterpreneurship (1905 — 1947)  40

4. Write a note on the role of Subhas Chandra Bose in the Indian

Group-B

       Answer question no.5 and any two from the rest

5.    Answer any one questions   20

a)     Why did Reign of Terror was possible in France ?

b)    What was the effect of Napoleonic conquests of Western Europe ?

c)   Comment on the settlement of Vienna (1815) 

                                     

6.   What do you understand by “ the revolutionary spirit “ of the French Revolution of 1789 ? 40

7.   Briefly discuss the features of Russo - German Non -Aggression pact. 40

8.   Briefly discuss the Middle Eastern Politics .  40

WBCS Exam Main Optional Question Paper on History [Paper I] - 2014

Time Allowed —3 Hours

Full Marks-200

Group-A

Answer any three questions

1.  Answer any three questions (word limit: 200-250 words) :  10 x 3

(a)   Explain the terms— Iron Age and Megalithic Culture.

(b)   Write a brief note on the extent of the Indus Civilization.

(c)   Write a note on the Sabha and the Samiti.

(d)   Write a short note on the extent of the Gupta Empire.

(e)   What do you know about the various types of land-grants in ancient India.

(f)    Write a short note on the Vedanta Philosophies.

2.  Answer any two questions (word limit:  700-800 words):  20 x 2

(a)   "All historical interpretations are ultimately based on evidence derived from the sources of history, conventionally divided into two categories—literary and archaeological" (Upender Singh). Explain.

(b)  What are the general explanations regarding the transformations in vedic society ?

(c)  What light do the Buddhist texts throw on the social condition of India around 6th century B.C.E. ?

(d)  How have the historians assessed and explained the changes in society following the decline of the Gupta Empire.

3.   Write an essay on any one of the following (word limit: 1500 words) :   40

(a)  The stages of evolution of the state till the foundation of the Mauryan Empire.

(b)  The Urban Society and trade guilds of South India in the Sangam age.

(c)   Bengal under Hussian shahi rule.

Group-B

4.  Answer any three questions (Word limit 200-250)  10 x 3

(a)   Determine the significance of Mahmud of Ghazni's invasion.

(b)   Assess the contributions of Minhaj-i-siraj Juzjani's as a historian.

(c)   What do you know about the iqta system of the Delhi Sultanate.

(d)   What were the essential features of Akbar's religious policy ?

(e)   What were he consequences of the invasion of Mongols on the policies of Delhi Sultanate.

(f)   Write a short Note on the Jagirdari system of Mughal period.

5.  Answer any one questions (word limit: 700-800 words):   20

(a)   Briefly discuss the Nature and Structure of the administration of Vijoynagar empire.

(b)   Examine the features of Central Asian and Persian styles in Mughal architecture.

(c)   Give a critical account of Maratha administration under Shivaji.

6.  Write an essay on any one of the following (word limit: 1500 words) :   40

(a)   The growth of British power in the eighteenth century.

(b)   The crisis in the Mughal economy in eighteenth century.

(c)   The main trends of reformist religious movement in India since the 15th Century.

WBCS Exam Main Optional Question Paper on History [Paper II] - 2014

Time Allowed-3 Hours

Full Marks-200

Group-A

Answer Question no. 1 and any two from the rest
1.    Answer any one question:  20 x 1

(a)   Do you think that the problem of private inland trade was the primary cause of conflict between Mir. Qasim and the English East India Company ?

(b)   How was the Parthana Samaj different from the Brahmo Samaj ?

(c)   Write a note on the Swarajist Party. What was it's achievement ?

(d)   Briefly discuss the India Independence Act. 1947.

2.    How did the 'Young Bengal' movement influence the cultureal and social life in 19th Century Bengal ?   40

3.    How was the question of Women's emancipation addressed by the social reformers of India in the 19th century ? 40

4.    Was administrative necessity the main ground for the partition of Bengal in 1905 ? What was it's result ? 40

5.   In what way did Gandhian leadership give a new dimension to the Intional Movement ?  40

Group - B

      Answer Question no. 6 and any two from the rest

6.   Answer any one question. 20 x 1

(a)   Why did the Industrial Revolution begin first in Britain ?

(b)   In what way did slavery became a Central issue in the American Civil War ?

(c)   Discuss the causes of the rise of Fascism in Italy .

(d)   What do you understand by the 'Cuban Missile Crisis' ?

7.    Would you call the French Ravolution of 1789 a 'bourgeios revolution'  ?   40

8.   Analyse the factors which were responsible for the failure of the League of Nations.   40

9.   What led to the collapse of the French colonial empire in lndo-China  ?   Examine the significanace of the 1954 settlement in this context.  40

10.  Anslyse the causes which resulted in the distingration at the socialist after 1985.  40

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